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Messages - ersi

Sweden wants more insight into Russian military training
Russia has been invited to send observers to Swedish defence training Aurora in September, but Sweden's Defence Minister Peter Hultqvist requests Russia in turn to invite foreign observers to the Russian training Zapad ("West") that is planned for the same time.
That's right. War is at its best as a do-it-together thing. We must cooperate.
The Lounge / Re: A quote for the day!
Quote from: Wikipedia, On this day...
1907 - Organised by Vladimir Lenin and Joseph Stalin, among others, Bolshevik revolutionaries in Tiflis, Georgia, robbed a bank stagecoach, getting away with 341,000 rubles.
Oh and the dream of winning big. State sanctioned criminal activity? Guess it depends who gets the money.
Of course people have the dream of winning big, but we (you and I) know that it's the house that always wins. Therefore, given that dream people have and given the sort of reality how lottery works, yes, it depends on who the house is. The state has general social responsibilities, corporations don't, so letting corporations collect the victory is socially less responsible than letting the state do it. Not that it becomes good this way, it just becomes less evil and hopefully keeps the greater evil in check, while the other way round would allow the greater evil run amok.
The winner's can do as they please with their money. My point continued as to how that works out.
Yes, lottery winners, even big winners, are actually losers. Luckily they are very few, and that's why the point cannot be about them. The point is how the state can fund stuff responsibly and maybe have some other useful effects along the way, such as preventing a grey or black market for lotteries and casinos. Of course, when there is no willingness to recognise these issues, the issues will never get addressed. Happens a lot with miscellaneous issues here too.
Well, six hundred years ago they put Jews to run businesses like that, because Christians must have nothing to do with usury.
Like that, like what? Jews never did charity. Usury was their specialized game.
Or it might be that fooling people into believing they are doing charity when they are really doing usury is their specialised game. Pick your favourite perspective of history.

In the Middle Ages, the Church, in a misapplication of the Biblical prohibition against charging interest, forbade interest in all instances. The Talmud, in contrast, created an economic system in which loans could be converted into investments, so interest could accrue from them, but under the Christian interpretation, no credit market was possible. The way the Church got around that was by forcing the Jews to become the bankers.

A major obstacle to the growth of banks in the Middle Ages was the Church's prohibition of usury, the charging of interest on loans. As economic activity expanded, however, the papacy became one of the first to insist that interest should be paid on investments made at a risk. Because they were forbidden to hold land or engage in more "acceptable" sources of economic enterprise, money changers in the Middle Ages were typically Jews.

The regulation of usury was to prevent the separation of money from reality. Money is not a good, it is a measure. It is fraud to pretend otherwise, and constitutes theft. Usury is making money from lending money; it is making money from nothing. This is exactly what is happening today on a colossal scale.

Several important things arose from the prohibition of usury in medieval Christendom. Firstly Jews, who had taken to wandering around Europe in the Middle Ages, began to specialize in money-lending and other practices which were forbidden to Christians. Exploited Christians, both peasants and aristocracy, found themselves being bled dry by usurers, which is why there were sporadic uprisings, imprisonments and expulsions of Jews throughout Europe. It is one reason why King Edward I expelled these perfidious people from England in 1290.

Well, six hundred years ago they put Jews to run businesses like that, because Christians must have nothing to do with usury. Everybody used to know it, but nowadays they either don't know or don't care.
I will never understand why the state of MS routinely ignores demands for a state lottery.

It's nothing but a poor tax. (As stated). Sure it is probably being sold as education funds, but you're one recession away from funds being reallocated. I was, and still am, against our State's lotto. Less than $0.50 paid for every $1 spent. With any real winnings being blown rather than used appropriately to pay debt, gain education or such. Handing someone with no experience or skill in dealing with money lots of it does not suddenly promote good habits.
Is this the kind of reasoning used to support the state lottery? Oh, America, the land of progressive backward thinking.

Over here nobody ever thought of arguing for state lottery by something like, "The winner gets money to pay for a college degree/debts/..." because obviously the jackpot winners are very few and everybody knows that the actual winner is the house - the one doing the lottery, not those who buy the tickets. That's so duh that even Americans should get it.

Rather, the rationale for having state lottery is that the state wins some money (in addition to ordinary taxes) that get specifically allocated to support sports and culture for kids and youth. The lottery winners are completely irrelevant to the argument. Of course, the same revenue could be gathered by ordinary tax collection ways, so there's an additional point for state lottery: Playing lottery is a vice, so it's best done strictly state controlled so that it doesn't get out of hand, hopefully. (It still won't make too much of a difference whether lotteries/casinos are state monopoly or a strictly regulated industry, but this is the way the argument goes in the countries that have state lottery and casino monopoly instituted, such as the Nordic countries.)
Says US attorney general Jeff Sessions,
We are going to get paid [for the border wall] one way or the other [...] I know there's $4 billion a year in excess payments, according to the Department of the Treasury's own inspector general several years ago, that are going to payments to people -- tax credits that they shouldn't get. Now, these are mostly Mexicans. And those kind of things add up...
Yeah, these kind of things add up. Only in America.

In your blog you write
...most Linux distros don't seem to ship with a calculator by default.
*Buntu and derivatives seem to include Galculator. If you are not speaking about them, you are not speaking about *most* Linux distros.

And doesn't Debian come with bc at least? It doesn't show currency rates, but it calculates...
DnD Central / Re: Infrastructure
There are some green signs in the bottom right corner. They are misplaced, they should be there before the road separation, not after.

All in all, that structure is not really infra.
Browsers & Technology / Re: E-readers
Then again, I don't go to the beach to read.
How about the pool or shower?
Speaking about a consumer need for this type of device, Kobo CCO Michael Tamblyn said "When we asked our customers what held them back from reading more ebooks, many told us they love to read in the bath, by the pool, or on the beach, but believed that devices and water didn't mix. As we dug deeper, we found that more than 60% of customers surveyed said they would love to be able read near water without worry. We designed the Kobo Aura H2O, our latest premium eReader, so that ebooks could be just as common at the beach or in the bath as they are on the bus or in bed."

Additionally, on the webpage there are inconsistencies between the Description and Specification sections. For example, Description says mp3 and text-to-speech, but Specification denies audio-out and the list of possible file formats does not mention mp3.
I see mention of a "Micro USB audio adapter."
So no direct plug-in for headphones on the device? And when you manage to connect the adapter to do intensively battery-draining stuff, there will be no charging of the battery at the same time?

And, all along, no expansion slot. My library soon surpasses 32GB. I wasn't quite ready for this to happen.
Browsers & Technology / Re: E-readers
Pocketbook has released Aqua 2

As the name implies, it's supposed to be watertight. Improvements compared to the earlier Aqua:

- 1024x758 resolution over earlier 800x600
- 8GB storage over earlier 4GB

This is not enough improvement, because

- still 256 MB RAM
- no expansion slot

Additionally, on the webpage there are inconsistencies between the Description and Specification sections. For example, Description says mp3 and text-to-speech, but Specification denies audio-out and the list of possible file formats does not mention mp3.

Watertight electronics is a good idea, but pretty useless when there is no expansion slot. And in wet conditions the touchscreen gets erratic, so hardware keys are indispensable. (This is more about Kobo Aura One.)
Browsers & Technology / Re: E-readers
That option's already there in Options (Gear) → Status. It's global though, not per document.
Yes, found it: (Gear) > Status bar > Progress bar > Show chapter markers. Less nesting in this menu would be nice.

I'm not sure why they aren't in a darker gray; might be worth opening a FR or something.
There should be bigger contrast between the progress indication and the chapter markers. And to avert the current problem, I just realised that the chapter marker inside-the-progress-indicator should be a third shade in order for chapter markers to be distinguishable both in the unread part of the file and the read part of the file. So at least three shades would be needed in the progress bar.

- Progress indicator
- Chapter markers in the unread part
- Chapter markers in the read part

Anyway, Koreader is already awesome and it's pretty much nitpicking at this point.
May I remind you Belfrager that Ireland is NOT part of Gt Britain but Scotland IS and what the national government decides is the way things are.
What if the national government decides that Ireland is also part of Gt Britain?
Browsers & Technology / Re: E-readers
For Koreader's purposes, I guess the easiest is to provide an option to not display the TOC markers in the progress bar at all (that's an option, the markers should be displayed by default). Or perhaps display the markers in a fainter shade and the progress indicator in a stronger shade so that the progress is visible even when the bar is tightly full of markers on every page.
Browsers & Technology / Re: E-readers
The right word would be "oldalszámok", page numbers. They made a typo, I guess.

Anyway, good to know it's fixable. Thanks :up: but I think there are infinite ways to malformat stuff and only Google Chrome can keep up with all the bad innovations.

As long as the file isn't crashing while browsing and the page numbers are visible, it's tolerable.
Not a problem with Koreader, I guess, but with the formatting of the pdf file: The progress bar fails to display progress. Not a big problem, because the page counter still works. The pdf file in question.

I suppose this qualifies... :) (Arithmetic doesn't seem to taught anymore. It's still the "first hundred days" for most Democrats; it will stay that way for years! Most leftists in Europe -have we any posters from anywhere else that the U.S., Europe and Great Britain? [Sorry, Broohaha, I didn't mean to sleight Brazil...] They agree with "the Opposition" here in the States: Trump must go!
President Trump has decided to take the U.S. out of the Paris Accord (on climate change...).
The Paris Accord is a typical EU slight of hand move: Capitalism -- Bad! America -- Bad! Western civilization and progress -- Bad!
From behind the link,
Opinion among White House advisers reportedly is split: [...] Ivanka wants to stay [in the Paris Accord], and so does Secretary of State Rex Tillerson.
Look at all that leftist scum! Doesn't Ivanka know arithmetic? It takes two thirds of the Senate vote! Well, of course she doesn't know any arithmetic - she's an anti-capitalist Commie who wants Trump to go away. Same for that crypto-democrap Tillerson. They are always undermining American values and Western civilization! But Trump is going to show them real good...
An interview with Jon von Tetzchner in an Estonian tech magazine/webmag
DnD Central / Re: Infrastructure
It's the way I drew maps when I was four.
If at four you were drawing maps instead an house wiht a sun above and a tree at the side, you're a very strange creature... :)
I'm still strange that way. Now I even collect maps.
Why farce? Why not tripe or nonsense?
With Galaxy S8, Samsung has added a "desktop experience" to the external monitor, so the phone can replace a netbook now.
You have to buy a $150 dock.
Thanks for doing it so we can learn from your experience :)

I'm not super happy with my S8+. The wrap around screen is useless, I've turned all the related features off, as they are way too easy to accidentally activate. Perhaps of note also, I cracked the corner of mine rather quickly. Wrap around screen means don't drop it.
Does "wrap around screen" mean something like "edge" popularised by some earlier Galaxies? The first time I saw it, I understood it would be a problem to hold such a thing in hand when you want to just hold it, not touch anything. This would imply imbalanced grip and this in turn would imply dropping the thing, so investing in some good cover is compulsory.

My Note 4 survived much worse... I'm tempted to go back to it. With a custom rom i'm almost sure I can make up for the performance difference. Actually using the S8+ to its full potential tanks battery life.
I heard that S8 (and probably + too) at first has some features turned off and when you turn them on, it warns about battery. That's as good as scaring users away. Who doesn't know that actually using the phone consumes the battery?
But such words like common or general do tend to reflect a honed definition of the "regular" meaning -- the biggest catch being that it might be the 19th century meaning while the language has otherwise moved on.
Language has moved on or life in general has moved on. Or the guy who authoritatively fixed the meaning in the 19th century did not make it relevant to life in the first place.

Science may be international, but that doesn't mean it's entirely homogenized. In the English-speaking world those two generally just aren't grouped together like that. You've got the social behavioral science of economics and then you've got this separate commerce and business administration thing of which I'm not really sure how it's classified. Perhaps it's more vocational than the arts & sciences, even if it's university-level.
Yes, the obvious problem with building ontologies from umbrella concepts is the failure to reflect cross-disciplinary stuff. A true ontology goes by distinctions that cannot be crossed.
The word "common" basically just signifies that which we normally mean when we say x, which can be distinguished from the broader concept or category of super-x. It does make translation harder because that which Dutch or English speakers commonly mean by "economics" is not the same as German speakers. Too bad for the machines. :P
That's not how it works in science. In science you build terminology, concepts that relate to each other in fixed ways, specifically in the way scientists think reality works.

In this case, the distinction is economics broadly considered and then a subset of it. It's like in biology they give names to species. Names of species always have two parts. Bigger groups, such as families, have one part. Often a name of the species consists of "common" + family but the function of the compound is exactly the same no matter what stood there instead of "common".

To clarify the terms for the whole science (to other scientists), some people build ontologies. Biologists believe their taxonomy describes real-life ontology. Economists also arrange their terminology so as to make it an into an ontology. Yes, I have seen them do it. Funny when they try it with financial terms.

In that sort of system, something like "common economics" would not be that which people commonly mean when they speak about it. It would be about a specific spot in the ontology. When they fail to put "common" before it, it would be elsewhere in the ontology and the scientist would go nuts.
DnD Central / Re: Infrastructure
Schematic metro lines are considered a major invention, made by a guy I don't remember the name, that realized that when using the subway people don't need to know the geographical location but only the stop's succesion. Therefore, a virtual diagram can be much more useful than a real map.
With such insight very complex maps could be turned into easy to interpretate straight lines.
It's the way I drew maps when I was four.